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马网资讯,Thetermmiddle-incometrap,firstusedbytheWorldBankin2006,referstoastage-generally,slowergrowth-aneconomyreachesafterbecomingamiddle-incomesociety.Themiddle-incometrap,assuch,reflectstheinadaptabilityoftheindustrialdevelopmentmodel.Globalizationhasallowedacountry'sindustrializationtobeweighedintermsofinternalindustrializationandexternalindustrialization.Andoncethenegativefactorsimpedethedevelopmentofinternalindustrialization,externalindustrialization,moreorless,prevails.Developedcountrieshavealmostalwaysexportedcapitalthroughdirectinvestment,capitaloutflowsorcross-bordercooperationtocheckthedeclineinprofitsbecauseofincreasingdomesticwages.Suchkindofexternalindustrializationhashelpedacceleratemanydevelopingcountries'domesticindustrialization.Still,manyemergingeconomiesremainatthelow-endoftheglobalindustrialvaluechainbecauseahugeamountofsurplusvalueistransferredthroughthecirculationofcommodities,capitalandfinancetothedevelopedeconomies.Thispreventsdevelopingcountries'comparativeincomelevelfromincreasingeveniftheirindustrializationprocessandproductivitycontinuetorise.Besides,developingcountriesareforcedtoparticipateinacompetitionoflow-levelindustrybasedoncomparativeadvantageinlaborcost,whichgraduallyreducesprofits.AccordingtotheWorldBank'sstatistics,only13outofthe101middle-incomeeconomiessince1960havemanagedtoreachthehigh-incomestage.Internationalpracticesshowthekeytoavoidingthemiddle-incometrapistorapidlyincreasethecompetitivenessandaccumulationofaneconomy'sindustrialcapital,inordertoclearthebottleneckspreventingincomesfromrisingandtoacceleratethetransitionfromamiddle-incometoahigh-incomeeconomy.Withouttheaccumulationofsufficientdomesticindustrialcapital,itisdifficultforaneconomytobreakfreefromthecapitalaccumulationsystemdominatedbyinternationalcapital;itcouldevenmarginalizetheeconomyininternationalcompetition.Althoughtherearemanyenterprisesandindustrieswithhugecapacities,evenovercapacity,inChina,theirindustrialcapitalaccumulation,ingeneral,hasnotbeenhighandtheirinternationalcompetitivenessnotstrongenough.Andinrecentyears,excessivefinancializationhasunderminedtheaccumulationofdomesticindustrialcapital.ToincreasethequalityandcompetitivenessofChina'sindustrialcapitalaccumulation,weshouldfirstincreasethequalityfactorsofcapital.Theaccumulationofindustrialcapitalespeciallyproductivecapitalmainlydependsontheaccumulationofmaterial,humanresourcesandtechnologicalfactors.Andqualityfactorssuchashighlyskilledlaborersandadvancedtechnologycanincreaseproducts'addedvalueandimprovetheirpositionintheinternationaldivisionoflabor.Toenhancesuchqualityfactors,weshouldincreaseinvestmentinfieldssuchastechnology,whichhasbecomeanincreasinglyimportantfactordeterminingthecompetitivenessofenterprisesandcountries.Increasinginvestmentintechnology,especiallyintechnologicalinnovation,willpromoteindustrializationandhelpaccumulateproductivecapital.Moreover,thereisneedtoestablishacombinationmechanismforcapitalinthefinancialandindustrialsectors,inordertoprovidestrongfinancialandsocialcapitalsupportfortheaccumulationofproductivecapital.Withtherapiddevelopmentofglobalization,capital'ssupportiveroleintherealeconomyhasreduced.Tosupporttheintegrativedevelopmentofcapitalinthefinancialandothersectors,measureshavetobetakentohelpfinancialandsocialcapitaltoplayagreaterroleintheaccumulationofindustrialcapitalandindustrialupgrading.Measuresneedtobetakenforpromotingtheinternationalizationofcapitalandselectivelyexportingandimportingit.Selectiveexportandimportofcapitalbasedontherequirementsofdomesticdevelopmentcouldpromotetheaccumulationofqualityindustrialcapitalandimprovethepositionofdomesticindustriesintheinternationalindustrialvaluechain,whichwillultimatelyleadtostableandbalancedinternationalcirculation.TheauthorisaneconomicsprofessorofRenminUniversityofChina.

LeiJunshowsMi6inBeijing,April19,2017.[Photoprovidedtochinadaily.com.cn]Aseven-year-oldChinesesmartphonevendor,Xiaomi,hasrecentlyreleaseditssix-generationflagshipdevice,Mi6.ThelatestmodelwasunveiledinBeijingonWednesday,andwillstayfirminthecountry'sincreasinglycompetitivemarket.Arepresentativeofthecompanysaiditwouldopen1,000offlineretailstoresinfirstandsecondtiercities,inabidtomakeallproductsmoreaccessible.LeiJun,founderofXiaomi,saidtheMi6wasthefirstChinese-madehandsettobeequippedwithaSnapdragon835processor,alongwiththehelpofQualcomm.HeaddedtheMi6featuresincludea6GRAM,dualcamera,curvedglassesonallfouredgesandastainlessbezel.HesaidtheMi6wasalsowater-proofandcanprotecteyeswithitsspecialscreen.TheMi6alsohasthe4-pixelopticalanti-vibrationfunction,whichexistsonMi5butdoesnotshowuponMi5sduetocostconsiderations.Theupdatedreleasewasinresponsetotheconsumers'wantsandneeds,Leisaid."TheMi6isaproductwithextremeattentiontodetail,showcasingXiaomi'sendlessexploration,"hesaid.Leiwentontogivespecialcredittotheengineersinvolvedandsaidwithoutinnovation,Xiaomi,astartupcompanywithastaffofaboutadozen,wouldnothavesurvived."Inthepastsevenyears,hundredsofsmartphonemanufactureshavelostanddisappeared,"hesaid.Inadditiontotechnologicalbreakthroughs,thecompanyhavefoundthebusinessmodeltransformationacompletesuccess.Leisaidthecompanysucceededincostcontrol,enablingthesameproducttobesoldatthesamepriceastheironlinepeers.JinDi,aresearchmanagerwithIDCChina,saidtheMi6,however,wasnotonparwithindustry-wideexpectations,especiallyonthebackdropoftheMiMix–atrend-setteronall-screendevices.SheaddedthiswasnotonlyadifficulttimeforXiaomibutforotherChinesevendorsasbreak-throughswereincreasinglyhardtomake.

自2017年1月1日到2019年12月31日,将科技型中小企业开发新技术、新产品、新工艺实际发生的研发费用在企业所得税税前加计扣除的比例,由50%提高至75%。

政策生效前2年内发生的投资也可享受前述优惠。

李克强主持召开国务院常务会议决定推出进一步减税措施持续推动实体经济降成本增后劲通过《中华人民共和国公共图书馆法(草案)》新华社北京4月19日电国务院总理李克强4月19日主持召开国务院常务会议,决定推出进一步减税措施,持续推动实体经济降成本增后劲;通过《中华人民共和国公共图书馆法(草案)》。

Inthreemonths,PresidentXiJinpinghastraveledtoEuropetwice.FollowinghistriptoDavostoattendtheWorldEconomicForumandastatevisittoSwitzerlandinJanuary,XireachedFinlandonTuesdaybeforeflyingtotheUnitedStatesforhisfirstmeetingwithUSPresidentDonaldTrump.XihasusedhisoverseastripstodelivermessagesonhowChinaviewstheworldandtheglobaleconomyatatimewhenpopulismandprotectionismseemtobegatheringstrength.XiusedhisSwitzerlandvisit,andwillnowusehisFinlandtriptoexpressChina'sviewsthatallglobalplayers,includingtheEuropeanUnionandtheUS,shouldfulfilltheirdueresponsibilitiestobuildaprosperousandpeacefulworld,insteadoftellingChinawhatitsglobaldutiesare.Besides,SwitzerlandandFinlandcanalsohelpChinastrengthenitsdomesticprogramforinnovation.Lastyear,Chinaannouncedathree-stepplantoencourageandimproveinnovation.First,by2020,Chinaaimstoincreaseitsspendingonresearchanddevelopmentto2.5percentofGDPandensureitsknowledge-intensiveserviceindustryaccountsfor20percentoftheeconomy.Second,by2030,Chinaaimstoraisethebudgetforresearchanddevelopmentto2.8percentofthenationaleconomyandliftChinesebusinessestothemedium-andhigh-endglobalsupplychain,aswellasmakethecountryagloballeaderininnovation.Andthird,by2050,Chinaaimstobecomeaworldleaderinscienceandtechnology,withitseconomymainlydrivenbyinnovation.Bythattime,Chinaaimstomakeitsuniversitiesandresearchinstitutionsworldleaders,withscienceandresearchbecomingthebackboneofnationalstrategicresources.SuchinnovationgoalsgohandinhandwithChina'sothereconomicrestructuringeffortssuchaspovertyreduction,tacklingtheagingpopulationandimprovingpeople'slivelihoods.Thoughithasmaderapidprogressininnovationinrecentyears,thegapbetweenChinaanditscompetitorsremainswide.BasedontheWorldIntellectualPropertyOrganization'sannualreport,Chinaranked25thin2016,movingupninespotsfrom2012.InSwitzerlandandFinland,Chinahasperfecteconomicpartners;SwitzerlandoccupiedthetopspotintheWorldIntellectualPropertyOrganizationrankings,withFinlandtakingthefifthslot.AndthetwocountriesarewillingtoshareknowledgeandtechnologywithChina.SuchopennessoffersgreatopportunitiesforSwitzerlandandFinland.Eventhoughthetwocountries'populationislessthan10millioneach,theycangetaccesstoChina'smarketofmorethan1.3billionconsumers.Andsinceinnovationhasbecomeanintegralpartofthenationalpolicy,evenSouthwestChina'sGuizhouprovince,arelativelypoorregion,hasmadeSwitzerlandanexampleofitseffortstoreducepoverty.GuizhouandSwitzerlandarebothmountainousandlandlockedareas,althoughtheireconomiesdifferradically.ButlearningfromSwitzerland,Chinaisinjectingresourcesinenvironmentalprotection,infrastructureconstruction,tourismandeducationtoremodelGuizhouintotheSwitzerlandoftheEast.ChinahasalottolearnfromFinland,too,especiallyintermsofinnovation,andscientificandtechnologicalresearch.TheauthorisdeputychiefofChinaDailyEuropeanBureau.fujing@chinadaily.com.cn

Earlyonemorning,beforesunriseandbeforenaturehasawoken,59-year-oldLiangFeng'enwalkedcalmlythroughtheforestsinSuiyangtown,Heilongjiangprovince,carryinghisgreen-and-blackGPSdevice,acamera,adiaryandamedicalkit.Decadesago,Liangwasawell-knownhunterintheregion,buthenowworksasarangerforSuiyang'sforestrybureau,applyinghisknowledgetoaidwildlifeconservationinthecountry'snortheast.HismaindutyistofindandrecordthetracksofwildSiberiantigersandtheirprey,suchasdeerandboar,whichisessentialworkforbig-catprotection.Lianghasbeenlivingintheforestsformorethan40yearsandknowsaboutalloftheanimalsandtreesintheregion."IhadnoideaaboutwildlifeprotectionwhenIwasyoung,andIneverimaginedthatIwouldgiveuphunting,whichwasmyfamily'swayoflifefordecades,"hesaid.Suiyang,asmalltownthatbordersRussia,issurroundedbydenseforests.Liangsaidhisfamilyandneighborsalllookeduptohisfather,whowouldbringhomewildboarsanddeerevenwhenthewholecountrywasplaguedbystarvationinthe1960s."Goodhuntersenjoyedrespectandwereevenidolized,"Liangsaid,addingthatheinheritedhisfather'stalentandwouldhunt60to70wildboarsayearbythetimehewas20yearsold.However,huntingtraditionschangedin1998whenChinaimplementedstrictenvironmentalprotectionmeasures,withLiangtakingonanentirelynewandunexpectedroleasawildlifeprotector.In2000,hereceivedaphonecallfromconservationgroupWorldWideFundforNature'sChinaOffice,invitinghimtohelpprotectwildlifeintheregion."Ithoughtitwasridiculous.Howcouldahuntersuddenlybeontheanimals'sideIthoughtIwouldbeajokeintheeyesofmyfriends,"Liangsaid.Butgradually,afterlearningmorefromtheWWFaboutthesignificanceofwildlifeprotection,hechangedhismindandfinallyacceptedajobasarangertohelpconservewildlifeinNortheastAsia,especiallySiberiantigers-aspeciesfacingextinction.HundredsofSiberiantigersprowledHeilongjiang'svirginforestsinthe1960s,buttheyhavesincebecomerareduetoadramaticreductioninthesizeoftheirhabitat.However,theyarereturningtothemountainsofHeilongjiangandJilinprovincesfromRussia'sFarEastregionafteradecadeofreforestation.AspartofChina'simprovementsinwildlifeprotection,manyformerloggersandhunterslikeLianghavenowbecomeforestrangers.Theirdailyroutinehaschangedfromdestroyingthelocalhabitatandwildlifetoimplementinganti-huntingmeasures,wildlifemonitoringandraisingpublicawarenessofthetigers'plight."ThemoreIlearnedabouttheecologicalbalanceandtheimportanceofanimalprotection,themoreIwantedtobearanger,"Liangsaid,addingthathenowhasanemotionalconnectionwiththeforest.Walkinganaverageof30to40kilometersthroughtheforestseachdaywithabackpackweighingabout20kilograms,Liangnotonlyrecordschangesintheforests,butalsoremovesdangersposedtowildanimalsbyhumans-hehasclearedmorethan1,000trapsduringhistimeasaranger.Liangisrecognizedbymanyastheregion'stoprangerduetohisprofessionalismanddedication.Heandhiscolleaguesalsoencouragelocalswhoknowtheforestswelltojointheirteam.Theregionhad200rangersbyearlylastyear,butthenumberhadsoaredto600bylastmonth,accordingtoofficialstatistics."Rangersarelikeourhandsandeyes,collectingtheinformationweneedandtakingcareoftheforestsandanimals.Ourrecentresearchshowsthatthenumberofwildtigersandleopardsbothwitnessedanincreaseduetotheirefforts,"saidLiuPeiqi,aprogramdirectorwithWWFChina.

他说,博物馆建设不要“千馆一面”,不要追求形式上的大而全,展出的内容要突出特色。

中共中央政治局委员、中央政法委书记孟建柱在主持讲座时强调,要铭记党的历史,弘扬党的优良传统,坚定理想信念,增强“四个自信”,坚定不移走中国特色社会主义道路,忠实履行好捍卫党的领导、捍卫社会主义政权、保护人民群众安居乐业、维护国家安全和社会稳定的职责使命。

,  此前2月28日,亚足联宣布终止与乐视在2015年8月签署的合约,其原因是乐视体育未支付最近到期的一笔分期付款。

王毅还透露,法国和德国也都愿意参加这次论坛,但法国将在5月举行选举,而德国在5月前后也有选举,为了显示对论坛的支持,两国都已经决定派各自的领导人代表出席峰会,英国则将派财政大臣哈蒙德作为英国首相代表出席。

这种状况至新中国成立后得以改变,到1953年时,636.9万名党员中工矿企业的工人党员从1950年的32万余人增加到了66.6万余人,约占10.5%。

2017-04-1711:41:34也有您的助力,也谢谢您的参与。

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